Details About the Libraries

The Intel® C++ Class Libraries for SIMD Operations provide a convenient interface to access the underlying instructions for processors as specified in Processor Requirements for Use of Class Libraries. These processor-instruction extensions enable parallel processing using the single instruction-multiple data (SIMD) technique as illustrated in the following figure.

SIMD Data Flow

Performing four operations with a single instruction improves efficiency by a factor of four for that particular instruction.

These new processor instructions can be implemented using assembly inlining, intrinsics, or the C++ SIMD classes. Compare the coding required to add four 32-bit floating-point values, using each of the available interfaces:

Comparison Between Inlining, Intrinsics and Class Libraries

Assembly Inlining Intrinsics SIMD Class Libraries
... __m128 a,b,c; __asm{ movaps xmm0,b movaps xmm1,c addps xmm0,xmm1 movaps a, xmm0 } ... #include <mmintrin.h> ... __m128 a,b,c; a = _mm_add_ps(b,c); ... #include <fvec.h> ... F32vec4 a,b,c; a = b +c; ...

This table shows an addition of two single-precision floating-point values using assembly inlining, intrinsics, and the libraries. You can see how much easier it is to code with the Intel C++ SIMD Class Libraries. Besides using fewer keystrokes and fewer lines of code, the notation is like the standard notation in C++, making it much easier to implement over other methods.