For integer loops, the 64-bit MMX(TM) technology and 128-bit Streaming SIMD Extensions 2 (SSE2) provide SIMD instructions for most arithmetic and logical operators on 32-bit, 16-bit, and 8-bit integer data types. Vectorization may proceed if the final precision of integer wrap-around arithmetic will be preserved. A 32-bit shift-right operator, for instance, is not vectorized in 16-bit mode if the final stored value is a 16-bit integer. Because the MMX(TM) and SSE2 instruction sets are not fully orthogonal (shifts on byte operands, for instance, are not supported), not all integer operations can actually be vectorized.

For loops that operate on 32-bit single-precision and 64-bit double-precision floating-point numbers, SSE/SSE2 provides SIMD instructions for the arithmetic operators '+', '-', '*', and '/'. In addition, SSE/SSE2 provides SIMD instructions for the binary MIN and MAX and unary SQRT operators. SIMD versions of several other mathematical operators (like the trigonometric functions SIN, COS, TAN) are supported in software in a vector mathematical run-time library that is provided with the Intel® Fortran Compiler, of which the compiler takes advantage.